Day of the Sea

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Mar 17, 2019

The World Sea Day (17 March) aims to make people aware that the sea is a common good, and that the protection of the marine environment should be a common subject of interest for: governments, institutions, communities and people.

The celebration day is the date of signing the Convention in 1948, under which the International Maritime Organization was established. It currently has 170 countries. As part of the protection of the marine environment, the organization regulates the rules for the use of maritime transport - in order to counteract the pollution it generates. It also deals with maritime safety and the problems of people living in his immediate vicinity.

The Baltic Sea is one of the smallest seas in the world. The Atlantic Ocean connects only via the North Sea through the narrow Danish straits. This means that the process of water exchange is slow and contaminants introduced into it will be there for a long time, while the pace of their growth is growing. There are huge amounts of agricultural, municipal and industrial wastewater (which the BEST project concerns: and communications, and toxic war wastes accumulate on the seabed. It takes about 30 years to mix the waters of the Baltic Sea with oceanic waters.

The Baltic Sea is one of the most endangered seas in the world. Over 10 parts of its bottom surface are bottoms. Their creation is caused by the survival of water, or eutrophication. With a large amount of food in combination with the sun, toxic cyanobacteria that threaten other plants and animals are blooming. In addition, they deplete the oxygen necessary for the marine organisms that live in it, which suffocate from its lack.

In order to protect the Baltic Sea, REC Poland is taking part in the international project BEST (Better Efficiency for Industrial Sewage Treatment) in the Interreg for Baltic Sea Region program.

The project is co-financed with support form the Interreg Baltic Sea Region Programme 2014-2020 (European Union (Regional Development Fund ERDF and European Neighbourhood Instrument ENI), and with financial support of the Russian Federation). The project’s total budget is 3.6 million euros (ERDF 2.7 million euros, ENI 131 000 euros, Russian Federation 131 000) euros.